The ADB–Asian Think Tanks Network, during its establishment on 31 October 2013, decided to organize an annual forum to

  • Enable its members to promote research networking; the members can present their research projects and glean insights from their fellow think tanks.
  • Pursue greater commitment among members toward sustaining the ADB–Asian Think Tanks Network.

The 2014 Forum was held on 20-21 November 2014 in Seoul, Korea. The Korea Development Institute served as ADB’s co-host.

Senior level officials/staff of 40 think tanks from 26 member countries of ADB participated in the second forum. The forum welcomed the new member think tanks from Armenia, Bangladesh, Georgia and Japan.
The forum has two publications. One is the second issue of the ADB-Asian Think Tanks Network eNewsletter, which captures the snapshots of the forum discussion. Another publication is the forum proceedings which provides the highlights of the entire forum.
“Promoting Innovation and Inclusion for a Prosperous Asia” was the theme of the 2014 Forum.

The forum focused on two development issues that are of high significance to developing Asia: innovation and inclusion. Participating think tanks discussed regional economic integration, tackling the threats and opportunities presented by the various trading blocs on the developing countries, and related topics.

In February 2014, ADB’s Call for Papers resulted in the selection and preparation of 16 Research Papers for presentation at the forum.

The two-day forum had four major sessions delving on the various facets of innovation and inclusion. The forum had both plenary and parallel sessions to provide more time for discussion and sharing of knowledge/experiences among the participating think tanks. The four major sessions were organized, as follows:


    1. Opening Ceremonies was in plenary.
      Moderator: Taejong Kim, Professor, KDI School of Public and Management
      Time Speaker / Affiliation
      09:30 - 09:35 Welcome Remarks
      Joon-Kyung Kim, President, Korea Development Institute
      Juzhong Zhuang, Deputy Chief Economist, Economics and Research Department, ADB
      09:40 Keynote address
      Hyung-Hwan Joo, First Vice Minister, Ministry of Strategy and Finance
      10:00 Photo session and coffee break
      10:30 Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014 – Poverty in Asia: A Deeper Look
      Juzhong Zhuang, Deputy Chief Economist, Economics and Research Department, ADB
      11:00 Open discussion
      11:15 New Directions for a Rapidly Maturing Miracle Economy: The Case of Korea
      Wonhyuk Lim, Executive Director, Center for Regulatory Studies, Korea Development Institute
      11:45 Open discussion
      12:00 Lunch Break

    1. The second session comprised of two parallel sessions; had five presentations covering regional economic structures, processing trade and the public-private partnership, among others.

      Moderators: Rathin Roy, Director, National Institute of Public Finance Policy
      Rethy Kieth Chhem, Executive Director, Cambodia Development Resource Institute
      Time Speaker / Affiliation
      13:30 East Asian Economies, Regional Economic Structure and the Emerging Regional Trade Regimes: TPP and RECP
      Xiaoming Huang, Professor and Director, New Zealand Contemporary China Research Centre
      13:50 Open discussion
      14:10 Development of China’s Processing Trade and Employment
      Guoqiang Long, Vice Minister, Development Research Center of the State Council
      14:30 Open discussion
      14:50 Enjoying the Fruits of their Labor: Redirecting Asian Exports to Asian Consumers
      Willem Thorbecke, Senior Fellow, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry
      15:10 Open discussion
      15:30 Coffee/tea break
      16:00 Lao PDR’s Joining ASEAN Economic Communities by and after 2015: Opportunities and Challenges
      Leeber Leebouapao, Director General, National Economic Research Institute
      16:20 Open discussion
      16:40 The Practice and Experience of PPP in China
      Qiangwu Zhou, Deputy Director-General, Asia-Pacific Finance Development Center Beijing Office
      17:00 Open discussion
      17:20 **Informal exchange / Networking**
      18:30 Dinner at Intercontinental Seoul Coex Hotel, Jupiter Room (30/F)

    1. The second session had five presentations focusing on innovation such as entrepreneurial propensity, overcoming the middle-income trap and the chaebol and industrial policy, among others.

      Moderators: Derek Brien, Executive Director, Pacific Institute of Public Policy
      Nonarit Bisonyabut, Research Fellow, Thailand Development Research Institute
      Time Speaker / Affiliation
      13:30 An Exploratory Cross-Country Analysis of the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Propensity and Income Inequality
      Poh Kam Wong, Director, NUS Entrepreneurship Centre and Professor, NUS Business School
      13:50 Open discussion
      14:10 Malaysia’s Structural Issues in Overcoming Middle Income Trap: Decomposition Analysis of Output Growth 1991-2005
      Zakariah Bin Abdul Rashid, Executive Director, Malaysian Institute for Economic Research
      14:30 Open discussion
      14:50 Industrial and Innovation Policies to Escape from the Middle-Income Trap: Cases of Uruguay and Malaysia
      Alibek Konkakov, Analyst, Economic Research Institute
      15:10 Open discussion
      15:30 Coffee/tea break
      16:00 Does Innovation Mediate Good Firm Performance? Some Findings from Philippines Small and Medium Enterprises
      Gilberto Llanto, President, Philippine Institute of Development Studies
      16:20 Open discussion
      16:40 Chaebol and Industrial Policy in Korea
      Wonhyuk Lim, Executive Director, Center for Regulatory Studies, Korea Development Institute
      17:00 Open discussion
      17:20 **Informal exchange / Networking**
      18:30 Dinner at Coex Intercontinental Hotel, Jupiter Room (30/F)

    1. The third session had four presentations on growth-employment relationship, inclusive growth in emerging market economies and social protection, among others.

      Moderator: Zaw Oo, Executive Director, Myanmar Development Resource Institute
      Time Speaker / Affiliation
      08:00 Registration
      08:30 Why Growth Isn’t Getting the Job Done: An Analysis of the Growth−Employment Relationship in India
      Radhicka Kapoor, Consultant, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations
      08:50 Open discussion
      09:10 Fiscal Space for Inclusive Growth in Emerging Market Economies
      Rathin Roy, Director, National Institute for Public Finance Policy
      09:30 Open discussion
      09:50 Social Protection For Small-Scale Agriculture – Evidences From Viet Nam Tran
      Tran Kim Chung, Vice President, Central Institute for Economic Management
      10:10 Open discussion
      10:30 Coffee/tea break
      10:40 Effective Social Protection for Various Scenarios of Economic and Social Transformations of Uzbekistan
      Kamila Mukhamedkhanova, Researcher, Center for Economic Research
      11:00 Open discussion

    1. The third session had four presentations on the concept and measure of poverty, impact of remittance and rural non-farm economy, among others.

      Moderator: Dushni Weerakoon, Deputy Director, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka
      Time Speaker / Affiliation
      08:00 Registration
      08:30 Alternative Concept and Measure of Poverty in Indonesia
      Carunia Mulya Hamid Firdausy, Director, National Research Centre for Economics, LIPI
      08:50 Open discussion
      09:10 The Impact of Remittance on Poverty and Inequality: Evidence Using Data on Labour Migration in Nepal
      Ram Chandra Dhakal, Executive Director, Centre for Economic Development and Administration, Tribhuvan University
      09:30 Open discussion
      09:50 The Rural Non-farm Economy, Livelihood Strategies and Household Welfare in Rural Pakistan
      Shujaat Farooq, Researcher Economist, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics
      10:10 Open discussion
      10:30 Coffee/tea break
      10:40 Sustained National Deworming Campaign in South Korea
      Taejong Kim, Professor, KDI School of Public Policy and Management
      11:00 Open discussion

    1. Being the last session prior to the closing of the forum, the fourth session was in plenary.

      Moderator: Juzhong Zhuang, Deputy Chief Economist, Economics and Research Department, ADB
      Time Speaker / Affiliation
      11:30 Updates and Action Planning
      Dongxiang Li, Advisor, Regional and Sustainable Development Department, ADB
      12:30 Lunch break
      14:00-17:30 Informal Networking Activity (Tour of Seoul’s cultural attractions)
  1. Event Gallery

In February 2014, ADB’s Call for Papers resulted in the selection and preparation of 16 research papers for presentation in the ADB–Asian Think Tank Forum 2014. The abstracts of these papers are as follows:
Title Author Description Country
A Case for Emerging Mega Economies Rathin Roy, Director, National Institute for Public Finance Policy The paper will analyze emerging economies India, China, Indonesia, Brazil and Turkey, to: a) identify role of fiscal policy in securing inclusive growth, and b) assess the extent to which stability policies deployed during and after the 2008 crisis minimized the impact of the crisis on the inclusive growth objectives. India
Alternative Measure of Poverty in Indonesia Carunia Mulya Hamid Firdausy, Director, National Research Centre for Economics, LIPI The official absolute poverty line in Indonesia has been criticized in recent years, mainly due to the much higher proportion of people who claimed to be poor than the government’s estimated statistical number. Thus, the study will examine alternative ways or methods to measure the incidence of poverty in Indonesia. Indonesia
Creating Jobs in India’s Organised Manufacturing Sector Radhicka Kapoor, Consultant, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations Over the last three decades, the services sector rather than the manufacturing sector has contributed to India’s high GDP growth. The research paper aims to identify the appropriate policy responses to achieve India’s objective of creating productive employment in the manufacturing sector in the 21st century. India
Economic Structure and Regional Institutions: A Political Economic Analysis of TPP and RECP Xiaoming Huang, Professor and Director, New Zealand Contemporary China Research Centre The paper will investigate East Asian economic finterests and relations and how they shape regional economic structure and institutions. The aim is to better understand the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, its implications and impacts on economic growth and development in the future. Regional
Effective Social Protection for a Transforming Economy and Society of Uzbekistan Kamila Mukhamedkhanova, Researcher, Center for Economic Research The research will develop recommendations to improve the model of social protection in line with and to provide incentives for acceleration of transformation processes in the economy, society and institutions in the long-term perspective. Uzbekistan
Enjoying the Fruits of their Labor: Redirecting Exports to Asian Consumers Willem Thorbecke, Senior Fellow, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry The paper will investigate whether Asian countries are importing fewer final consumption goods than is expected. The research will use the gravity model to estimate bilateral trade flows. Traditional gravity models posit that bilateral trade is directly proportional to GDP and inversely proportional to the distance between the two countries. Regional

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